Updated: May 24
What is Pneumonia
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lungs caused by either aspiration, virus, or bacteria. .Clients can exhibit symptoms such as cough, pain, fever, and dyspnea. . When discussing interventions, Mahand and Raymond (2016) write that Medical Nutrition Therapy usually calls for a direct feeding tube in the small bowel instead of the stomach, continuous feeding, optimizing oral hygiene (lessen bacteria), elevating patient's head at a 45-degree angle. . A more in-depth source writes that there can be a more holistic approach to treating pneumonia through a variety of herbs and supplements that have been proven to work through various studies. .
Interventions that are suggested are to use expectorants, mucolytics, vitamins, and herbs in combination. . Studies support the conclusion that vitamin C, in particular, is a great supplement for healing the common colds. .Pizzorno and colleagues (2017), also state that vitamin C is also said to be an excellent source for healing bronchitis and pneumonia. . Additionally, vitamin C is a great strategy to use in the reduction of oxidative stress. .
Herbs that are used as expectorants are Hedera Helix Ivy, Pelargonium sidoides, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (licorice), and Lobelia. . Other herbs that can be used as expectorants are Ipecacuanha and Comfrey. . Natural remedies that are used as mucolytics are bromelain. . Supplements also used are vitamin E, zinc, and vitamin A. .
Garlic seems to be an herb that can be used for a variety of conditions. I'm astounded by all the research I find on this particular plant. Pizzorno et al (2016) say that garlic has antibiotic activity against bacteria both gram-negative and positive, and especially useful for resistant bacteria strains. . Garlic has xylooligosaccharides (XOS). . XOS's are sugar polymers with many repeating units in their molecular chain. They are also strong prebiotics that can help manage gut dysfunction. . XOS's can help change the balance of microbiota. . Therefore these oligomers can b extremely useful in fighting certain types of pneumonia such as K. pneumonia. .
Suggested intervention for Pneumonia (18+ yrs or older) .:
Garlic fresh cut
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Hemila, H. & Louhiala, P. (2007). Vitamin C may affect lung infections. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 100, 495–498.
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Kallel, F., Driss, D., Chaabouni, E. Z., & Raoudha Ghorbel, R. (2015). Biological activities of xylooligosaccharides generated from garlic straw xylan by purified xylanase from bacillus mojavensis UEB-FK. Applied Biochemistry Biotechnology,175,950–964. doi 10.1007/s12010-014-1308-1
Mahan, L. K. & Raymond, J. L. (2017). Krause's food & the nutrition care process (14th Ed.). St.Louis, MO: Elsevier.