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What is Autoimmune Thyroid Disease?

Autoimmune Thyroid, also referred to as AITD or ATD, is ultimately an imbalance of the immune system attacking thyroid cells, which causes an effect of how fast or how slow the body will metabolize energy. It results in an uncontrolled change in caloric balance, upsetting metabolic processes. Consequently, an imbalance of metabolism affects energy utilization.

 

In the nutrition world, we call this:

  • Hypermetabolism; an increase in energy needs

  • Hypometabolism; a decrease in energy needs

In the medical world, physicians will diagnose an autoimmune thyroid disease as:

  • Graves' Disease; hyperthyroidism

  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis; hypothyroidism

 

Both conditions result in severe inflammation of the thyroid and each are affected by different antibody attacks. 

  1. The most prescribed medication in the USA is thyroid medication. 

  2. One in ten women get thyroid disease.

  3. Patients are 2x more likely to get autoimmune thyroid disease than subclinical thyroid disease.  

Did You Know?